Ramadan khutbah from our beloved Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wasalam)

Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah,

Below is the text of a sermon reported to have been delivered by our beloved prophet (sallaalahu alaihi wasalam) on the subject of Ramadan. It is not recorded in the sihah sittha (the six most authentic books of hadith) however. There is also a text with slight difference given by another chain of narration at this website as well http://www.aimislam.com/resources/23-quran-a-hadith/1912-the-ramadan-sermon-of-the-prophet-muhammed-saw.html (Shi’i school).

. I am not sure how ‘hasan’ the chains/narration/hadith is considered, but the text of it is good and to my understanding it is that what enjoins us to good is acceptable even if the ‘isnad’ is not sound. And Allah knows best.

Ramadan Kareem to all of you!

***

The Prophet’s Sermon on Ramadhan

 

 

 

Baihaqi reported on the authority of Salman Al-Farsi (Radhi Allah ‘Anh) that Prophet (‘Alaihi Salat was-Salam) delivered a sermon on the last day of the month of Sha’ban. In it he (‘Alaihi Salat was-Salam) said ,

“O People! The month of Allah (Ramadan) has come with its mercies , blessings and forgivenesses. Allah has decreed this month the best of all months. The days of this month are the best among the days and the nights are the best among the nights and the hours during Ramadan are the best among the hours. This is a month in which you have been invited by Him (to fast and pray). Allah has honoured you in it. In every breath you take is a reward of Allah , your sleep is worship , your good deeds are accepted and your invocations are answered.

Therefore , you must invoke your Lord in all earnestness with hearts free from sin and evil , and pray that Allah may help you to keep fast , and to recite the Holy Qur’an. Indeed! , miserable is the o­ne who is deprived of Allah’s forgiveness in this great month. While fasting remember the hunger and thirst o­n the Day of Judgement. Give alms to the poor and needy. Pay respect to your elders , have sympathy for your youngsters and be kind towards your relatives and kinsmen. Guard your tongue against unworthy words , and your eyes from scenes that are not worth seeing (forbidden) and your ears from sounds that should not be heard.

Be kind to orphans so that if your children may become orphans they will also be treated with kindness. Do repent to Allah for your sins and supplicate with raised hands at the times of prayer as these are the best times , during which Allah Almighty looks at His servants with mercy. Allah Answers if they supplicate , Responds if they call , Grants if He is asked , and Accepts if they entreat. O people! you have made your conscience the slave of your desires.

Make it free by invoking Allah for forgiveness. Your back may break from the heavy load of your sins , so prostrate yourself before Allah for long intervals , and make this load lighter. Understand fully that Allah has promised in His Honour and Majesty that , people who perform salat and sajda (prostration) will be guarded from Hell-fire o­n the Day of Judgement.

O people! , if anyone amongst you arranges for iftar (meal at sunset) for any believer , Allah will reward him as if he had freed a slave , and Allah will forgive him his sins. A companion asked: “but not all of us have the means to do so” The Prophet (SAAWS) replied: Keep yourself away from Hell-fire though it may consist of half a date or even some water if you have nothing else.

O people! , anyone who during this month cultivates good manners , will walk over the Sirat (bridge to Paradise ) o­n the day when feet will tend to slip. For anyone who during this month eases the workload of his servants , Allah will make easy his accounting , and for anyone who doesn’t hurt others during this month , Allah will safeguard him from His Wrath o­n the Day of Judgement. Anyone who respects and treats an orphan with kindness during this month , Allah shall look at him with kindness o­n that Day. Anyone who treats his kinsmen well during this month , Allah will bestow His Mercy o­n him o­n that Day , while anyone who mistreats his kinsmen during this month , Allah will keep away from His Mercy.

Whomever offers the recommended prayers during this month , Allah will save him from Hell , and whomever observes his obligations during this month , his reward will be seventy times the reward during other months. Whomever repeatedly invokes Allah’s blessings o­n me , Allah will keep his scale of good deeds heavy , while the scales of others will be tending to lightness. Whomever recites during this month an ayat (verse) of the Holy Qur’an , will get the reward of reciting the whole Qur’an in other months.

O people! , the gates of Paradise remain open during this month. Pray to your Lord that they may not be closed for you. While the gates of Hell are closed , pray to your Lord that they never open for you. Satan has been chained , invoke your Lord not to let him dominate you.”

Ali ibn Talib (RAA) said: “I asked , ‘O messenger of Allah , what are the best deeds during this month’?” ‘He replied: ‘O Abu-Hassan , the best of deeds during this month is to be far from what Allah has forbidden’.”

Du’a ‘Noora’ …

Assalamu alaikum,

With apologies for the poor quality of the hand-out last class, here is the du’a again. I’ll only include the short form of it, i.e., the one given in Sahih Bukhari and in Muslim (I haven’t checked this but http://www.inmyownskin-nabilah at blogspot give it as Al-Bukhari 11/116 no 6316 and Muslim 1/526, 529-530). Interestingly the longer form is only found in Tirmidhi from among the sihah sitha (the six most rigorous compilations of ahadith)! I personally prefer the short form and it is what is commonly recited;

اللّهُـمَّ اجْعَـلْ في قَلْبـي نورا ، وَفي لِسـاني نورا، وَاجْعَـلْ في سَمْعي نورا، وَاجْعَـلْ في بَصَري نورا، وَاجْعَـلْ مِنْ خَلْفي نورا، وَمِنْ أَمامـي نورا، وَاجْعَـلْ مِنْ فَوْقـي نورا ، وَمِن تَحْتـي نورا .اللّهُـمَّ أَعْطِنـي نورا

Allahumma ijAAal fee qalbee noora, wafee lisanee noora, wajAAal fee samAAee noora,wajAAal fee basaree noora, wajAAal min khalfee noora, wamin amamee noora ,wajAAal min fawqee noora, wamin tahtee noora, allahumma aAAtinee noora.

‘O Allah, place within my heart light, and upon my tongue light, and within my ears light, and within my eyes light, and place behind me light and in front of me light and above me light and beneath me light. O Allah, bestow upon me light.’

Jazakum Allah Khairan and may we all benefit from memorizing this beautiful du’a the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) made and by making it often. N.B, ‘noora’ also includes the meaning of guidance according to a commentary I read.

Hadith Qudsi – numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

Assalamu alaikum warahamtullah wabarakatuh,

Alhamdulillah it was a great time of sharing yesterday. Jazakum Allah Khairan to all who came. Here are the promised links. We began yesterday the Hadith Qudsi. Here is a proper introduction (please forgive me for not being able to give an introduction last night. Inshaallah we’ll better manage time the next time!) below. As you see, unlike the Quran which is Allah’s message in Allah azza wa’jal’s own words.. the Hadith Qudsi are sourced to Allah subhahana ta’alah (hence are not like the usual ahadith which source to our beloved prophet peace be upon him), but the wording is that of Muhammed (peace be upon him).

Teacher’s note 😉 -Please also note that all we learned about the authenticity of ahadith apply to the Hadith Qudsi as well. They are categorized as ‘sahih’ (sound). But do see what you gather from the books they are compiled in…

‘The Forty Hadith Qudsi and Imam Nabawi’s forty ahadith are widely regarded as the most popular anthology and the best introduction to the study of the Prophet’s Sayings in the English language.

Among the many definitions given by the early scholars to Sacred Hadith is that of as-Sayyid ash-Sharif al-Jurjani (died in 816 A.H.) in his lexicon At-Tarifat where he says: “A Sacred Hadith is, as to the meaning, from Allah the Almighty; as to the wording, it is from the messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). It is that which Allah the Almighty has communicated to His Prophet through revelation or in dream, and he, peace be upon him, has communicated it in his own words.”

The hadith qudsi are the sayings of the Prophet divinely communicated to him. The present collection has been compiled from all the available books of hadith. The forty chosen here are all well authenticated and present many of the doctrinal, devotional and ethical elements of Islam.

[The Above taken from : An introduction to the subject and select sample texts, see e.g. Ibrahim Izzuddin and Denis Johnson-Davies: Forty Hadith Qudsi, Beirut, Damascus, 1980.]’

Here are the ahadith we read last night-

Hadith Qudsi 1:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over my wrath.
It was related by Muslim (also by al-Bukhari, an-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah).

Hadith Qudsi 2:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Allah Almighty has said:

The son of Adam denied Me and he had no right to do so. And he reviled Me and he had no right to do so. As for his denying Me, it is his saying: He will not remake me as He made me at first (1) – and the initial creation [of him] is no easier for Me than remaking him. As for his reviling Me, it is his saying: Allah has taken to Himself a son, while I am the One, the Everlasting Refuge. I begot not nor was I begotten, and there is none comparable to Me.

(1) i.e., bring me back to life after death.
It was related by al-Bukhari (also by an-Nasa’i).

Hadith Qudsi 3:
On the authority of Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhaniyy (may Allah be pleased with him), who said:

The Messenger of Allah (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) led the morning prayer for us at al-Hudaybiyah following rainfall during the night. When the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) finished, he faced the people and said to them: Do you know what your Lord has said? They said: Allah and his Messenger know best. He said: This morning one of my servants became a believer in Me and one a disbeliever. As for him who said: We have been given rain by virtue of Allah and His mercy, that one is a believer in Me, a disbeliever in the stars (2); and as for him who said: We have been given rain by such-and-such a star, that one is a disbeliever in Me, a believer in the stars.

(2) The pre-Islamic Arabs believed that rain was brought about by the movement of stars. This Hadith draws attention to the fact that whatever be the direct cause of such natural phenomena as rain, it is Allah the Almighty who is the Disposer of all things.

It is related by al-Bukhari (also by Malik and an-Nasa’i).

Hadith Qudsi 4:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Allah said:

Sons of Adam inveigh against [the vicissitudes of] Time, and I am Time, in My hand is the night and the day (1).

(1) As the Almighty is the Ordainer of all things, to inveigh aginst misfortunes that are part of Time is tantamount to inveighing against Him.

It was related by al-Bukhari (also by Muslim).

Hadith Qudsi 5:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: Allah (glorified and exalted be He) said:

I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus he who does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.

It was related by Muslim (also by Ibn Majah).

Hadith Qudsi 6:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say:

The first of people against whom judgment will be pronounced on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who died a martyr. He will be brought and Allah will make known to him His favours and he will recognize them. [ The Almighty] will say: And what did you do about them? He will say: I fought for you until I died a martyr. He will say: You have lied – you did but fight that it might be said [of you]: He is courageous. And so it was said. Then he will be ordered to be dragged along on his face until he is cast into Hell-fire. [Another] will be a man who has studied [religious] knowledge and has taught it and who used to recite the Quran. He will be brought and Allah will make known to his His favours and he will recognize them. [The Almighty] will say: And what did you do about them? He will say: I studied [religious] knowledge and I taught it and I recited the Quran for Your sake. He will say: You have lied – you did but study [religious] knowledge that it might be said [of you]: He is learned. And you recited the Quran that it might be said [of you]: He is a reciter. And so it was said. Then he will be ordered to be dragged along on his face until he is cast into Hell-fire. [Another] will be a man whom Allah had made rich and to whom He had given all kinds of wealth. He will be brought and Allah will make known to his His favours and he will recognize them. [The Almighty] will say: And what did you do about them? He will say: I left no path [untrodden] in which You like money to be spent without spending in it for Your sake. He will say: You have lied – you did but do so that it might be said [of you]: He is open-handed. And so it was said. Then he will be ordered to be dragged along on his face until he is cast into Hell-fire.

Here is a mashaAllah very nice website on the ahadith where you can listen to the Arabic pronounciation
http://hadithqudsi.sacredhadith.com/

Jazakum Allah Khairan. Please forgive my faults and correct my mistakes.

Muhammed (peace be upon him) – The last Prophet, The animation movie!

Assalaamu alaikum!

Since we have been reading the Quran following the revelation as our beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) received it, I thought it would be good to have a biography of the Prophet (peace be upon him) posted. This one is very simple and good introduction. It’s approved by both Az-Azhar (Sunni) and Shiite scholar boards… and… its an animation! Most of you may have seen it, but if not, enjoy!